Fuel cycle facility safety

The facilities associated with nuclear fuel from mining to fabrication to post-irradiation management have some specific safety concerns that are different from those of nuclear reactors.

NEA work on this topic

Since the early 1990s, the NEA has co-operated with the IAEA on maintaining a reporting system and database for safety of fuel cycle facilities – Fuel Incident and Notification and Analyses System (FINAS). Maintaining FINAS and co-operating on associated research activities was originally part of the more general activities on operating experience by the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI). Recognising the unique aspects of safety of fuel cycle facilities, a separate Working Group on Fuel Cycle Facilities (WGFCS)  was established in the early 2000s. WGFCS focusses on the safety aspects associated with uranium processing and enrichment; fuel fabrication and storage; and spent fuel storage and reprocessing. Other spent fuel and high-level waste management issues are co-ordinated by the Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC).